Man-made chemicals have contaminated the environment we live in. These synthetic chemicals are usually related to industrial activities, agricultural pesticides or improper disposal of water. Presence of these chemicals are a threat to the natural environment. This results in soil contamination, popularly referred to as soil pollution.To know more visit here to get Best Soil Treatment Services.
These contaminants are generally hydrocarbons, pesticides, nitrogen-loaded fertilizers, cyanides, volatiles, creosote, heavy metal or semi volatile from dirt and the soil is the primary destination for accumulating such chemicals .
Soil remediation is a process which ensures clearing and maintaining top quality criteria for dirt and water. Consequential to which, is the cultivation advantage of flora and fauna.
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Importance of Soil Remediation
The sole purpose of soil remediation is to clean up the ground of any harmful or toxic chemicals. It is a very specific kind of environmental intervention. It focuses upon eradicating soil toxicities and restoring to its healthy condition.
Whatever happens to the soil has its direct or indirect effect on humans and animals. The food that we eat grows in the soil. Contaminated soil is hazardous and harmful for all of us. Hence, soil remediation as a process is quite vital among all other environmental intervention designs.
Preserving environmental health-
Any kind of toxic chemicals that contaminates the soil has its direct effect on the plants. The trees are the ones that bear the most harmful impact. The degree to which the chemicals are prevalent and toxic decides the fatality it will cause the plant lives on that soil.
Preserving Animal Life-
The closest to nature just after plants are the animals. They interact with trees and plants in search of food, shelter or to hide from potential harm; however, when the soil itself is contaminated which leads to poisoning of plants, the natural habitat of animals becomes their greatest enemy.
Protecting Public Health-
We get our primary food from the soil and the plants we grow in them. But what happens when our industrial wastes pollute the land, and we grow poisonous plants? We end up eating these contaminated fruits and vegetables.
Depending upon the extent of toxicity, just a mere touch to the soil or plants can be fatal to any living creature and humans end up consuming both contaminated plants and animals as they are the top consumers in the food chain. Apart from food consumption, jobs where environmental interaction is vital, pose quite a hazard too.
When a land gets contaminated by toxic chemicals, it becomes inhospitable and useless. And so, it is quite clear that soil pollution can lead to not only the death of plants but can cost us financial liability as well.
Soil contamination has the capacity to destroy ecosystems if not controlled and detected at early stages. On a large scale, we could be compromising our wild lives and loss of habitat. Hence, the role of soil remediation becomes even more important in the light of the events specified above. If you would like to have a more holistic view and solution, visit here to get Best Soil Treatment Services.
What Are The Techniques Of Soil Remediation?
Soil washing is another term for soul remediation. It is important to design ways to decontaminate polluted land. And to have healthy soil to gain proper vegetation. Moreover, this process also contributes towards clean air and groundwater.
There are a number of ways to clear the soil of its pollutants-
Using Thermal Soil Remediation-
- Treatment is offered to the type of soil which is polluted by hydrocarbons compounds such as petroleum or oil
- The process works best for the contaminants that are easier to eradicate at higher temperatures
- The soil is baked allowing the pollutants to get evaporated
- The contaminants are then cooled and captured which are disposed later on
- Conveyor system takes out the soil after is it treated and cooled off in the remediation machinery.
- Then the soil is ready for use or further testing.
- The process involves filtering the contaminants and encapsulating them to prevent further spread
- It is quite similar to a medical quarantine, where instead of treating the soil, it focuses on isolating to stop further contamination
- The most common kind of encapsulation is to mix the polluted soil with cement or concrete. Other types of soil stay away from such toxins
- Although it is a good way to decontaminate, it also precludes the treated area from having future cultivation
Implementing Air Sparging-
- Used where toxic gases and vapors have contaminated the soil
- The complete area that consists of polluted soil undergoes the treatment instead of a sample
- The polluted soil or groundwater recieves large volumes of pressurized air through injections
- This helps in removing any present volatile carbon compounds, mostly attacking hydrocarbon compounds
- It is an in situ process
Applying Bio remediation-
- Even bio remediation is an in situ process like air sparging
- This process a little different as it involves using a biological mechanism instead of applying a mechanical method that involves filtering pollutants out of the soil
- The process uses both aerobic and anaerobic engineered microbes. These engineered microbes feed on these contaminants and decontaminate the soil by breaking down the hydrocarbons
- This mechanism requires some specific conditions to produce effective results
- Requires specific temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit. In colder conditions, insulation of soil proves to be effective.
The goal of soil remediation is to restore damaged soil and convert the pollutants into less harmful components. Harmful chemicals like cyanide and fuel residues can seep into the groundwater or surface water are not removed from the soil. This can damage the flora and fauna of our ecosystem. visit here to get Best Soil Treatment Services.
Soil remediation has quite a far reaching economic impact with reference to previous findings but however, they aim at reducing adversities.
Arriving at a conclusive cost for soil remediation is difficult since cost evaluation generally depends on the treatment needed and the extent of damage.